β-Cyclodextrin-poly (β-Amino Ester) Nanoparticles Are a Generalizable Strategy for High Loading and Sustained Release of HDAC Inhibitors

Citation:

Chaudhuri S, Fowler MJ, Baker C, Stopka SA, Regan MS, Sablatura L, Broughton CW, Knight BE, Stabenfeldt SE, Agar NYR, et al. β-Cyclodextrin-poly (β-Amino Ester) Nanoparticles Are a Generalizable Strategy for High Loading and Sustained Release of HDAC Inhibitors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2021;13 (18) :20960-73. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/yflhnaeo

Date Published:

2021 May 12

Abstract:

Therapeutic development of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) has been hampered by a number of barriers to drug delivery, including poor solubility and inadequate tissue penetration. Nanoparticle encapsulation could be one approach to improve the delivery of HDACi to target tissues; however, effective and generalizable loading of HDACi within nanoparticle systems remains a long-term challenge. We hypothesized that the common terminally ionizable moiety on many HDACi molecules could be capitalized upon for loading in polymeric nanoparticles. Here, we describe the simple, efficient formulation of a novel library of β-cyclodextrin-poly (β-amino ester) networks (CDN) to achieve this goal. We observed that network architecture was a critical determinant of CDN encapsulation of candidate molecules, with a more hydrophobic core enabling effective self-assembly and a PEGylated surface enabling high loading (up to ∼30% w/w), effective self-assembly of the nanoparticle, and slow release of drug into aqueous media (up to 24 days) for the model HDACi panobinostat. We next constructed a library of CDNs to encapsulate various small, hydrophobic, terminally ionizable molecules (panobinostat, quisinostat, dacinostat, givinostat, bortezomib, camptothecin, nile red, and cytarabine), which yielded important insights into the structural requirements for effective drug loading and CDN self-assembly. Optimized CDN nanoparticles were taken up by GL261 cells in culture and a released panobinostat was confirmed to be bioactive. Panobinostat-loaded CDNs were next administered by convection-enhanced delivery (CED) to mice bearing intracranial GL261 tumors. These studies confirm that CDN encapsulation enables a higher deliverable dose of drug to effectively slow tumor growth. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) analysis on tissue sections confirms higher exposure of tumor to drug, which likely accounts for the therapeutic effects. Taken in sum, these studies present a novel nanocarrier platform for encapsulation of HDACi via both ionic and hydrophobic interactions, which is an important step toward better treatment of disease via HDACi therapy.

Last updated on 05/30/2021