Active mean fields: solving the mean field approximation in the level set framework.

Citation:

Kilian M Pohl, Ron Kikinis, and William M Wells. 2007. “Active mean fields: solving the mean field approximation in the level set framework.” Inf Process Med Imaging, 20, Pp. 26-37. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y5mc5rlt

Abstract:

We describe a new approach for estimating the posterior probability of tissue labels. Conventional likelihood models are combined with a curve length prior on boundaries, and an approximate posterior distribution on labels is sought via the Mean Field approach. Optimizing the resulting estimator by gradient descent leads to a level set style algorithm where the level set functions are the logarithm-of-odds encoding of the posterior label probabilities in an unconstrained linear vector space. Applications with more than two labels are easily accommodated. The label assignment is accomplished by the Maximum A Posteriori rule, so there are no problems of "overlap" or "vacuum". We test the method on synthetic images with additive noise. In addition, we segment a magnetic resonance scan into the major brain compartments and subcortical structures.