On the complimentarity of SENSE and GRAPPA in parallel MR imaging.


Scott W Hoge and Dana H Brooks. 2006. “On the complimentarity of SENSE and GRAPPA in parallel MR imaging.” Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, 1, Pp. 755-8. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y2h5985r


Two image reconstruction methods currently dominate parallel MR imaging: SENSE and GRAPPA. While both seek to reconstruct images from subsampled multi-channel MRI data, there exist fundamental differences between the two. In particular, SENSE reconstructs an image of the excited spin-density directly whereas GRAPPA reconstructs estimates of the fully sampled raw coil data and then combines them to obtain an image. In this work we show that these differences can be exploited such that each method can compliment the other. In the case of SENSE, which requires an estimate of the coil sensitivity map before reconstruction, one can use GRAPPA to improve the coil sensitivity estimates. Alternatively, using coil sensitivity estimates and the SENSE reconstruction equations, one can improve the GRAPPA reconstruction parameter estimation. Together, these approaches can provide higher image quality than either method alone.