"Extraoperative" MRI (eoMRI) for Brain Tumor Surgery: Initial Results at a Single Institution.

Citation:

Abd-El-Barr MM, Santos SM, Aglio LS, Young GS, Mukundan S, Golby AJ, Gormley WB, Dunn IF. "Extraoperative" MRI (eoMRI) for Brain Tumor Surgery: Initial Results at a Single Institution. World Neurosurg. 2015;83 (6) :921-8. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y6hp6y2g

Date Published:

2015 Jun

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence that extent of resection (EOR) in intrinsic brain tumor surgery prolongs overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). One of the strategies to increase EOR is the use of intraoperative MRI (ioMRI); however, considerable infrastructure investment is needed to establish and maintain a sophisticated ioMRI. We report the preliminary results of an extraoperative (eoMRI) protocol, with a focus on safety, feasibility, and EOR in intrinsic brain tumor surgery. METHODS: Ten patients underwent an eoMRI protocol consisting of surgical resection in a conventional operating room followed by an immediate MRI in a clinical MRI scanner while the patient was still under anesthesia. If findings of the MRI suggested residual safely resectable tumor, the patient was returned to the operating room. A retrospective volumetric analysis was undertaken to investigate the percentage of tumor resected after first resection and if applicable, after further resection. RESULTS: Six of 10 (60%) patients were thought to require no further resection after eoMRI. The EOR in these patients was 97.8% ± 1.8%. In the 4 patients who underwent further resection, the EOR during the original surgery was 88.5% ± 9.5% (P = 0.04). There was an average of 10.1% more tumor removed between the first and second surgery. In 3 of 4 (75%) of patients who returned for further resection, gross total resection of tumor was achieved. CONCLUSION: An eoMRI protocol appears to be a safe and practical method to ensure maximum safe resections in patients with brain tumors and can be performed readily in all centers with MRI capabilities.
Last updated on 10/15/2015