Interreader Agreement of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System Version 2 Using an In-Bore MRI-Guided Prostate Biopsy Cohort: A Single Institution's Initial Experience

Date Published:

2017 Jun 28


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the interobserver agreement of the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADSv2) for diagnosing prostate cancer using in-bore MRI-guided prostate biopsy as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-nine patients underwent in-bore MRI-guided prostate biopsy between January 21, 2010, and August 21, 2013, and underwent diagnostic multiparametric MRI 6 months or less before biopsy. A single index lesion per patient was selected after retrospective review of MR images. Three fellowship-trained abdominal radiologists (with 1-11 years' experience) blinded to clinical information interpreted all studies according to PI-RADSv2. Interobserver agreement was assessed using Cohen kappa statistics. RESULTS: Thirty-eight lesions were in the peripheral zone and 21 were in the transition zone. Cancer was diagnosed in 26 patients (44%). Overall PI-RADS scores were higher for all biopsy-positive lesions (mean ± SD, 3.9 ± 1.1) than for biopsy-negative lesions (3.1 ± 1.0; p < 0.0001) and for clinically significant lesions (4.2 ± 1.0) than for clinically insignificant lesions (3.1 ± 1.0; p < 0.0001). Overall suspicion score interobserver agreement was moderate (κ = 0.45). There was moderate interobserver agreement among overall PI-RADS scores in the peripheral zone (κ = 0.46) and fair agreement in the transition zone (κ = 0.36). CONCLUSION: PI-RADSv2 scores were higher in the biopsy-positive group. PI-RADSv2 showed moderate interobserver agreement among abdominal radiologists with no prior experience using the scoring system.

Last updated on 07/24/2017