Long-Term Outcomes of Partial Prostate Treatment with Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Brachytherapy for Patients with Favorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

Citation:

King MT, Nguyen PL, Boldbaatar N, Tempany CM, Cormack RA, Beard CJ, Hurwitz MD, Suh WW, D'Amico AV, Orio PF. Long-Term Outcomes of Partial Prostate Treatment with Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Brachytherapy for Patients with Favorable-Risk Prostate Cancer. Cancer. 2018;124 (17) :3528-35. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y7ht524j

Date Published:

2018 Jul 05

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Partial prostate treatment has emerged as a potential method for treating patients with favorable-risk prostate cancer while minimizing toxicity. The authors previously demonstrated poor rates of biochemical disease control for patients with National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) intermediate-risk disease using partial gland treatment with brachytherapy. The objective of the current study was to estimate the rates of distant metastasis and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) for this cohort. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2007, a total of 354 men with clinical T1c disease, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level < 15 ng/mL, and Gleason grade ≤3 + 4 prostate cancer underwent partial prostate treatment with brachytherapy to the peripheral zone under 0.5-Tesla magnetic resonance guidance. The cumulative incidences of metastasis and PCSM for the NCCN very low-risk, low-risk, and intermediate-risk groups were estimated. Fine and Gray competing risk regression was used to evaluate clinical factors associated with time to metastasis. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients developed metastases at a median of 11.0 years (interquartile range, 6.9-13.9 years). The 12-year metastasis rates for patients with very low-risk, low-risk, and intermediate-risk disease were 0.8% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.1%-4.4%), 8.7% (95% CI, 3.4%-17.2%), and 15.7% (95% CI, 5.7%-30.2%), respectively, and the 12-year PCSM estimates were 1.6% (95% CI, 0.1%-7.6%), 1.4% (95% CI, 0.1%-6.8%), and 8.2% (95% CI, 1.9%-20.7%), respectively. On multivariate analysis, NCCN risk category (low risk: hazard ratio, 6.34 [95% CI, 1.18-34.06; P = .03] and intermediate risk: hazard ratio, 6.98 [95% CI, 1.23-39.73; P = .03]) was found to be significantly associated with the time to metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Partial prostate treatment with brachytherapy may be associated with higher rates of distant metastasis and PCSM for patients with intermediate-risk disease after long-term follow-up. Treatment of less than the full gland may not be appropriate for this cohort. Cancer 2018. © 2018 American Cancer Society.

Last updated on 10/29/2018