Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Cardiac Interventions.


Ehud J Schmidt. 2015. “Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Cardiac Interventions.” Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am, 23, 4, Pp. 563-77. Copy at


Performing intraoperative cardiovascular procedures inside an MR imaging scanner can potentially provide substantial advantage in clinical outcomes by reducing the risk and increasing the success rate relative to the way such procedures are performed today, in which the primary surgical guidance is provided by X-ray fluoroscopy, by electromagnetically tracked intraoperative devices, and by ultrasound. Both noninvasive and invasive cardiologists are becoming increasingly familiar with the capabilities of MR imaging for providing anatomic and physiologic information that is unequaled by other modalities. As a result, researchers began performing animal (preclinical) interventions in the cardiovascular system in the early 1990s.