A Novel Dual-Network Architecture for Mixed-Supervised Medical Image Segmentation


Wang D, Li M, Ben-Shlomo N, Corrales EC, Cheng Y, Zhang T, Jayender J. A Novel Dual-Network Architecture for Mixed-Supervised Medical Image Segmentation. Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2021;89 :101841. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/yj5futbf

Date Published:

2021 Apr


In medical image segmentation tasks, deep learning-based models usually require densely and precisely annotated datasets to train, which are time-consuming and expensive to prepare. One possible solution is to train with the mixed-supervised dataset, where only a part of data is densely annotated with segmentation map and the rest is annotated with some weak form, such as bounding box. In this paper, we propose a novel network architecture called Mixed-Supervised Dual-Network (MSDN), which consists of two separate networks for the segmentation and detection tasks respectively, and a series of connection modules between the layers of the two networks. These connection modules are used to extract and transfer useful information from the detection task to help the segmentation task. We exploit a variant of a recently designed technique called 'Squeeze and Excitation' in the connection module to boost the information transfer between the two tasks. Compared with existing model with shared backbone and multiple branches, our model has flexible and trainable feature sharing fashion and thus is more effective and stable. We conduct experiments on 4 medical image segmentation datasets, and experiment results show that the proposed MSDN model outperforms multiple baselines.

Last updated on 09/20/2021