Real-time Probe Tracking using EM-optical Sensor for MRI-guided Cryoablation


Wenpeng Gao, Baichuan Jiang, Daniel F Kacher, Barry Fetics, Erez Nevo, Thomas C Lee, and Jagadeesan Jayender. 2018. “Real-time Probe Tracking using EM-optical Sensor for MRI-guided Cryoablation .” Int J Med Robot, 14, 1. Copy at


BACKGROUND: A method of real-time, accurate probe tracking at the entrance of the MRI bore is developed, which, fused with pre-procedural MR images, will enable clinicians to perform cryoablation efficiently in a large workspace with image guidance. METHODS: Electromagnetic (EM) tracking coupled with optical tracking is used to track the probe. EM tracking is achieved with an MRI-safe EM sensor working under the scanner's magnetic field to compensate the line-of-sight issue of optical tracking. Unscented Kalman filter-based probe tracking is developed to smooth the EM sensor measurements when occlusion occurs and to improve the tracking accuracy by fusing the measurements of two sensors. RESULTS: Experiments with a spine phantom show that the mean targeting errors using the EM sensor alone and using the proposed method are 2.21 mm and 1.80 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION: The proposed method achieves more accurate probe tracking than using an EM sensor alone at the MRI scanner entrance.
Last updated on 05/03/2018