Repeatability of Multiparametric Prostate MRI Radiomics Features

Citation:

Schwier M, van Griethuysen J, Vangel MG, Pieper S, Peled S, Tempany C, Aerts HJWL, Kikinis R, Fennessy FM, Fedorov A. Repeatability of Multiparametric Prostate MRI Radiomics Features. Sci Rep. 2019;9 (1) :9441. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y24jbecr

Date Published:

2019 Jul 01

Abstract:

In this study we assessed the repeatability of radiomics features on small prostate tumors using test-retest Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mpMRI). The premise of radiomics is that quantitative image-based features can serve as biomarkers for detecting and characterizing disease. For such biomarkers to be useful, repeatability is a basic requirement, meaning its value must remain stable between two scans, if the conditions remain stable. We investigated repeatability of radiomics features under various preprocessing and extraction configurations including various image normalization schemes, different image pre-filtering, and different bin widths for image discretization. Although we found many radiomics features and preprocessing combinations with high repeatability (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient > 0.85), our results indicate that overall the repeatability is highly sensitive to the processing parameters. Neither image normalization, using a variety of approaches, nor the use of pre-filtering options resulted in consistent improvements in repeatability. We urge caution when interpreting radiomics features and advise paying close attention to the processing configuration details of reported results. Furthermore, we advocate reporting all processing details in radiomics studies and strongly recommend the use of open source implementations.