Ultrasound-Based Sensors for Respiratory Motion Assessment in Multimodality PET Imaging

Citation:

Madore B, Belsley G, Cheng C-C, Preiswerk F, Kijewski MF, Wu P-H, Martell LB, Pluim JPW, Di Carli M, Moore SC. Ultrasound-Based Sensors for Respiratory Motion Assessment in Multimodality PET Imaging. Phys Med Biol. 2022;67 (2). Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/y73lbpt6

Date Published:

2022 Jan 19

Abstract:

Breathing motion can displace internal organs by up to several cm; as such, it is a primary factor limiting image quality in medical imaging. Motion can also complicate matters when trying to fuse images from different modalities, acquired at different locations and/or on different days. Currently available devices for monitoring breathing motion often do so indirectly, by detecting changes in the outline of the torso rather than the internal motion itself, and these devices are often fixed to floors, ceilings or walls, and thus cannot accompany patients from one location to another. We have developed small ultrasound-based sensors, referred to as 'organ configuration motion' (OCM) sensors, that attach to the skin and provide rich motion-sensitive information. In the present work we tested the ability of OCM sensors to enable respiratory gating duringin vivoPET imaging. A motion phantom involving an FDG solution was assembled, and two cancer patients scheduled for a clinical PET/CT exam were recruited for this study. OCM signals were used to help reconstruct phantom andin vivodata into time series of motion-resolved images. As expected, the motion-resolved images captured the underlying motion. In Patient #1, a single large lesion proved to be mostly stationary through the breathing cycle. However, in Patient #2, several small lesions were mobile during breathing, and our proposed new approach captured their breathing-related displacements. In summary, a relatively inexpensive hardware solution was developed here for respiration monitoring. Because the proposed sensors attach to the skin, as opposed to walls or ceilings, they can accompany patients from one procedure to the next, potentially allowing data gathered in different places and at different times to be combined and compared in ways that account for breathing motion.

Last updated on 02/02/2022