Vaginal Recurrence of Endometrial Cancer: MRI Characteristics and Correlation With Patient Outcome After Salvage Radiation Therapy

Citation:

Aida Steiner, Gabriela Alban, Teresa Cheng, Tina Kapur, Camden Bay, Pierre-Yves McLaughlin, Martin King, Clare Tempany, and Larissa J Lee. 2020. “Vaginal Recurrence of Endometrial Cancer: MRI Characteristics and Correlation With Patient Outcome After Salvage Radiation Therapy.” Abdom Radiol (NY), 45, 4, Pp. 1122-31. Copy at http://www.tinyurl.com/yxhjbs5o

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To evaluate MRI characteristics in vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer (EC) including tumor volume shrinkage during salvage radiotherapy, and to identify imaging features associated with survival. METHODS: Patients with vaginal recurrence of EC treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) followed by brachytherapy (BT), and with available pelvic MRI at two time points: baseline and/or before BT were retrospectively identified from 2004 to 2017. MRI features including recurrence location and tissue characteristics on T2- and T1-weighted images were evaluated at baseline only. Tumor volumes were measured both at baseline and pre-BT. Survival rates and associations were evaluated by Cox regression and Fisher's exact test, respectively. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients with 36 baseline and 50 pre-BT pelvic MRIs were included (24/62 with both MRIs). Vaginal recurrence of EC was most commonly located in the vaginal apex (27/36, 75%). Tumors with a post-contrast enhancing peripheral rim or low T2 signal rim at baseline showed longer recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.9, P < 0.05 adjusted for histology; HR 0.2, 95% CI 0.1-0.8, P < 0.05, respectively). The median tumor shrinkage at pre-BT was 69% (range 1-99%). Neither absolute tumor volumes nor volume regression at pre-BT were associated with RFS. Lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) at hysterectomy and adjuvant RT were associated with recurrence involving the distal vagina (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Vaginal recurrences with rim enhancement at baseline MRI predicted improved RFS, while tumor volume shrinkage at pre-BT did not. Distal vaginal recurrence was more common in patients with LVSI and adjuvant RT at EC diagnosis.
Last updated on 10/12/2020